America, Iran and the reconstruction of Syria

The United States Secretary of State recently said that by destroying ISIL, his country pursued two other goals in Syria: the peace and withdrawal of Iran and its proxy forces from Syria. Of course, he also has a condition for the Syrian government: if Iran and its forces do not leave Syria, they will not even contribute to the reconstruction of Syria for a dollar. Three remarks are worth mentioning about these remarks;

Although Pompeo’s apparent stance of power is conditional, it has a significant meaning; the Americans, who in the early years of the crisis, did everything he did to escape Assad, now to take part in the rebuilding of the country, for He bets. This is clearly a failure to achieve the main goal. Of course, in such a case, the United States tries to use the flexibility to take advantage of the advanced conditions.

There is no rational consistency in Pemo’s statements. He has urged the Syrian government to expel Iranian forces from the country, whose presence in the country has been illegal in the country without the permission of the Syrian government and thus illegitimate. On the other hand, Pompeo speaks for the Syrian government – whose sovereignty has been violated by the United States – of participating in reconstruction, provided that they expel Iranian forces. In other words, the United States violates the Syrian government, but it recognizes it as a reconstruction.

Pompeo’s remarks show that the United States intends to play with a rebuild. Given the urgent needs of Syria in the area of ​​reconstruction, the game will only fail if the governments with Syria, such as Russia and Iran, and some moderate countries will enter this field.


The Syria conflict has rebalanced regional axes of power in the Middle East ( Getty Images )

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khashoggi case; Putin, G20 Summit

In the face of Saudi Arabia, Putin should be Putin as a different man on the first day of the G20 summit. While the main stand of the cast was not warm at the meeting with the young Saudi crown prince Mohammed bin Salman, it was Russian President Vladimir Putin who, without any concern for the murder of jamal khashoggi, had a warm temperament with Ben Salman. But why did Putin deal with him when he knew how to deal with bin Salman, an issue of media sensitivity? The two main points in this regard can be described as follows:

Russia’s perception of Turkey’s treatment of Saudi Arabia over the murder of jamal khashoggi is that Ankara is seeking to play the case and seeks to weaken Saudi Arabia. In Moscow’s opinion, such an attempt by Erdogan ultimately leads to more power in Turkey, which is not desirable. In fact, Russia’s relations with Turkey, however good it is, is still a NATO member state, which is characterized by a lot of foreign policy changes. Therefore, Russia prefers a kind of balance in the region on Ankara’s excellence.

Russia is trying to get closer to Riyadh in the midst of the crisis caused by the killing of jamal khashoggi and the relative isolation of Saudi Arabia, who knows well that he will have significant economic gains. That at this meeting, the G20, and while Ben Salman does not have a former position, the energy minister of Russia wants to meet his Saudi counterpart, has a clear meaning. The current behavior of Moscow for the Riyadh authorities will create the mental impression that Russia remained in Saudi Arabia on hard days. It is natural that in the foreign policy of Saudi Arabia, this accompaniment will be an answer.