America, Iran and the reconstruction of Syria

The United States Secretary of State recently said that by destroying ISIL, his country pursued two other goals in Syria: the peace and withdrawal of Iran and its proxy forces from Syria. Of course, he also has a condition for the Syrian government: if Iran and its forces do not leave Syria, they will not even contribute to the reconstruction of Syria for a dollar. Three remarks are worth mentioning about these remarks;

Although Pompeo’s apparent stance of power is conditional, it has a significant meaning; the Americans, who in the early years of the crisis, did everything he did to escape Assad, now to take part in the rebuilding of the country, for He bets. This is clearly a failure to achieve the main goal. Of course, in such a case, the United States tries to use the flexibility to take advantage of the advanced conditions.

There is no rational consistency in Pemo’s statements. He has urged the Syrian government to expel Iranian forces from the country, whose presence in the country has been illegal in the country without the permission of the Syrian government and thus illegitimate. On the other hand, Pompeo speaks for the Syrian government – whose sovereignty has been violated by the United States – of participating in reconstruction, provided that they expel Iranian forces. In other words, the United States violates the Syrian government, but it recognizes it as a reconstruction.

Pompeo’s remarks show that the United States intends to play with a rebuild. Given the urgent needs of Syria in the area of ​​reconstruction, the game will only fail if the governments with Syria, such as Russia and Iran, and some moderate countries will enter this field.


The Syria conflict has rebalanced regional axes of power in the Middle East ( Getty Images )

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Iran Action Group

1- The Iranian Action Group has been established in order to establish a counteraction to Iran. The United States government, which believed that the Islamic Republic would re-negotiate at the negotiating table shortly after the departure of the United States from the JCPOA to deal with the components of its national power, the formation of the headquarters sought to exacerbate political action against the country.

2. The counter-Iran group is the political arm alongside the Ofac economic arm.

3. This political arm will play two major roles:
– An attempt to reach a consensus on Iran in international and multilateral environments;
– An attempt to bring other countries into compliance with the Ofac sanctions (as an economic arm).

4. In addition, one of the most important reasons for creating such a mechanism is the attempt to coordinate internal measures and to resolve some of the bureaucratic obstacles in the State Department. The counter-Iran group is a mechanism created by the Department of State to implement the Pompeu and Bolton commands.

5- However, it is unlikely that the group will confront Iran internationally (at least in the nuclear issue). The United States government’s disregard for many international norms and institutions has made it hard for the country to make a nuclear consensus. Perhaps the main reason for Brian Hook’s desire to “expand the dialogue with countries against Iran in non-nuclear areas” was the same.